According to an internal memo from the Washington-based organization seen by the British broadcaster, the side effects “may have led to rising wage inequality.”
The document, written by World Bank economists, says “trade has played a powerful role in creating jobs and contributing to rising incomes in advanced economies,” but also highlights its cons.
“Recent evidence from the US suggests that adjustment costs for those employed in sectors exposed to import competition from China are much higher than previously thought. While trade may have contributed to rising inequality in high income economies, so has technological change and the weakening of institutions that used to represent the interests of labor,” the report said.
“Given overall efficiency gains, the dislocation effects of trade in advanced economies must be addressed through stronger safety nets and enhanced skills and flexible labor markets,” it added.
World Bank president Jim Yong Kim explained why people in the developed economies are angry with the free trade.
“I hear them and they are saying that my life is not better than my parents and my children’s life does not look like it’s going to be better than mine,” he said in a BBC interview.
“So there is a real concern but the answer is to have more robust social security programs, so you have a safety net. And then you need to get serious about getting the skills you need for the jobs of the future,” he added.